Research & Science Home ESA Public Web Site Sci-Tech Portal      XMM-Newton Public Web Site XMM-Newton Sci-Tech Portal
Astrophysics Missions Planetary Exploration Missions Solar Terrestrial Science Missions Fundamental Physics Missions Science Faculty

XMM-Newton Image Gallery


 Go to the Gallery Home Page

 XMM-Newton Home > Gallery Home > Galaxies > Starburst Galaxies > M82

Messier 82 portrait by XMM-Newton

Image
Minimum credit line: Image courtesy of Pedro Rodriguez and ESA. (for details, see Conditions of Use).

The image above can be displayed at full size and may be downloaded by clicking the image above.

About this Image

This magnificent image of the starburst galaxy Messier 82 (M82) obtained with the XMM-Newton observatory was released in order to celebrate the International Year of Astronomy, and as part of the 100 Hours of Astronomy cornerstone project.
Located in the constellation Ursa Major at a distance of about 12 million light-years, it is the nearest and one of the most active starburst galaxies, i.e. it shows an exceptionally high rate of star formation. M82 is interacting gravitationally with its neighbour, the spiral galaxy Messier 81, which is most probably the cause for the violent starburst activity in its circumnuclear region. The active star formation is taking place in its interior and its effect on the gas and dust in its interstellar medium can be observed very well from Earth. This makes M82 is one of the best-studied galaxies in the sky.
The image shows bright knots in the plane of the galaxy, indicating a region of intense star formation, and emerging plumes of hot gas blowing in X-rays bursting out of the galactic disk (in blue), resulting from very intense bursts of star formation in the circumnuclear region. It is composed of several different XMM-Newton observations of Messier 82, adding up to 52.5 h.

For More Information

Alternate Resolutions (Help)

This image is available in the following downloadable versions: Higher resolution versions of this image may be available, please contact the XMM-Newton HelpDesk.



Search the Image Gallery

To search the Image Gallery for a particular object, fill in the object name in the box below and click the Submit button.
Object Name Show Results As:  
To search the Image Gallery for other images, fill in any of the fields below and click the Submit button.
Category Sub-Category Instrument Show Results As:
For more search options, please use our Advanced Search form.


XMM-Newton; Europe's X-Ray Observatory
Last update: 09-Oct-2013 by