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Welcome to the XMM-Newton Science Operations Centre

XMM-Newton Essentials
The European Space Agency's (ESA) X-ray Multi-Mirror Mission (XMM-Newton) was launched by an Ariane 504 on December 10th 1999. XMM-Newton is ESA's second cornerstone of the Horizon 2000 Science Programme. It carries 3 high throughput X-ray telescopes with an unprecedented effective area, and an optical monitor, the first flown on a X-ray observatory. The large collecting area and ability to make long uninterrupted exposures provide highly sensitive observations.

Since Earth's atmosphere blocks out all X-rays, only a telescope in space can detect and study celestial X-ray sources. The XMM-Newton mission is helping scientists to solve a number of cosmic mysteries, ranging from the enigmatic black holes to the origins of the Universe itself. Observing time on XMM-Newton is being made available to the scientific community, applying for observational periods on a competitive basis.

Read more about the spacecraft, mirrors and instruments and about the XMM-Newton SOC.

News and Highlights

Black Hole Winds Widespread wind from black hole can shape star formation, 19-Feb-2015
Astronomers have discovered that the winds from supermassive black holes at the centre of galaxies are blasted out in all directions. This new finding was made possible by observations with ESA's XMM-Newton and NASA's NuSTAR X-ray telescopes.
Further details on ESA's Science & Technology pages.

Planetary Nebula XMM-Newton and Hubble view of Jupiter’s Ghost, 02-Feb-2015
Names of astronomical objects are often ambiguous, especially when the historical designation of a certain class of celestial body preceded their physical understanding and was based on their appearance in the sky.
Further details on ESA's Space in Images pages.

Galaxy Cluster Caught in the act: collision of two galaxy clusters ends almost deadly, 16-Jan-2015
Recent observations of the galaxy cluster RXCJ2359.5-6042 with the XMM-Newton space observatory reveal evidence for an ongoing merger that strips the smaller system of much of its gas.
Further details on the MPE portal and on National Geographic's pages.

Black Hole Millón y medio de segundos dedicados a la caza de la materia oscura, 28-Dec-2014
La materia oscura es la más abundante en el universo, y aún así sigue siendo una gran desconocida. Nunca ha sido detectada directamente, pues es por ahora invisible, y de ella solo se sabe que su fuerza de gravedad influye en el resto de objetos del universo. El telescopio espacial de rayos X de la ESA, XMM-Newton, ha anunciado que uno de sus principales retos para el próximo año será la búsqueda de esta materia con un programa de observación de casi 1.4 millones de segundos.
Further details on ESA's Spanish pages.

Black Hole XMM-Newton spots monster black hole hidden in tiny galaxy, 19-Dec-2014
First impressions can be deceptive – astronomers have used ESA's X-ray satellite XMM-Newton to find a massive black hole hungrily feeding within a tiny dwarf galaxy, despite there being no hint of this black hole from optical observations.
Further details on ESA's Science & Technology pages.

Today's Revolution

Refereed Papers

Current Target
Sgr A*

XMM-Newton Science Workshop
"The Extremes of Black Hole Accretion"

8 - 10 June 2015
Registration open until 21 May 2015

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This page was last updated on 1 April, 2015.